Dating nag hammadi codices
Thus, the name Yaldabaoth, which ordinarily is thought by scholars to derive from the Aramaic for 'child of chaos' or, less likely, 'child of (S)abaoth,' is said, in On the Origin of the World 100,12-14, to mean 'Young man, move over here.' In a more lighthearted vein, it is claimed (100,29-101,23) that the names of the sons of Yaldabaoth - Yao, Eloai, and Astaphaios - come from the baby talk going on in Yaldabaoth's nursery.
In one of the more exotic sections of the text, on phoenixes, water serpents, and bulls of Egypt (121,27-123,2), the author discusses these fantastic creatures as metaphors for Gnostic truths and then concludes, 'These great images have [appeared] only in Egypt, not in other lands, indicating that Egypt is like God's paradise.'" (The Nag Hammadi Scriptures, pp. Pearson notes, "On the Origin of the World, as we now have it, is a highly developed tractate that can hardly be dated to a time before the end of the third century.
Pachomius monastery when these writings were banned by the Orthodox Church in an effort to eliminate all heterodoxy and heresy.
The contents of the codices were written in Coptic, though the works were mostly (all? Most famous of these works must be the Gospel of Thomas, of which the Nag Hammadi codices contain the only complete copy.
An earlier work has been expanded with new additions to the text, possibly in several stages." (Ancient Gnosticism, pp.
221-222) Marvin Meyer writes, "From the many parallels between the present text and the one immediately preceding it in Codex II, the Nature of the Rulers, it is obvious that there is a relationship between these two texts, though the precise nature of that relationship remains unknown.
The writings in these codices are mostly Gnostic treatises, but they also include three works belonging to the Corpus Hermeticum and a partial translation of Plato's Republic.
The codices are believed to be a library, hidden by monks from the nearby St.
Especially notable is the material it shares in common with the Hypostasis of the Archons (NHC II,4).
" Answer: Nag Hammadi is a town in northern Egypt where a collection of ancient writings was discovered in 1945.
The collection of writings has since been titled the Nag Hammadi library, or the Nag Hammadi scrolls, or the Nag Hammadi codices.
The most famous Nag Hammadi scroll is the only known complete copy of the gospel of Thomas. These scrolls were fraudulently written in their names in order to give them legitimacy in the early church.
So, what are we to make of the Nag Hammadi library? Thankfully, the early church fathers were nearly unanimous in recognizing these Gnostic scrolls as fraudulent forgeries that espouse false doctrines about Jesus Christ, salvation, God, and every other crucial Christian truth.